How to treat lupus caused by the immune system or the immune system that attacks cells, tissues, and organs of the body itself. This kind of disease is called autoimmune disease. Lupus can attack various parts and organs of the body such as skin, joints, rash, blood cells, kidneys, lungs, heart, brain, and spinal cord.
Under normal conditions, the immune system will protect the body from infection. But in people with lupus, the immune system attacks the body itself. The cause of lupus in a person is not yet known. So far, it is suspected that diseases that affect women more than men are influenced by several genetic and environmental factors.
Types of Lupus
Lupus is divided into several types, including:
Systemic lupus erythematosus (systemic lupus erythematosus / SLE)
This lupus occurs thoroughly (systemic) in the patient’s body and is the most common type of lupus. It is called systemic lupus because it occurs in various organs, especially the joints, kidneys, and skin. The main symptom is chronic inflammation of these organs.
Cutaneous lupus erythematosus (cutaneous lupus erythematosus / CLE)
Is a manifestation of lupus on the skin that can stand alone or is part of SLE. CLE can be divided into three types, namely acute cutaneous lupus erythematosus (ACLE), subacute cutaneous lupus erythematosus (SCLE), and chronic cutaneous lupus erythematosus (CCLE).
Lupus due to drug use
Some types of drugs can cause symptoms that look similar to symptoms of lupus, in people who do not suffer from SLE. However, this type of lupus is temporary and will disappear on its own a few months after fatigue stopping taking the drug that triggers the lupus symptoms. Some types of drugs that can cause this type of lupus include methyldopa, procainamide, D-penicillamine (a drug to treat heavy metal poisoning), and minocycline (acne medication).
Neonatal Lupus Erythematosus
Neonatal lupus erythematosus is a type of lupus that occurs in newborns. Neonatal lupus is caused by autoantibodies, namely anti-Ro, anti-La, and anti-RNP. Mothers who give birth to children with neonatal lupus erythematosus do not necessarily have lupus.
4 Ways How to Treat Lupus Can Be Done
1. Protect the skin from sun exposure.
If you suffer from lupus, it’s good to be more strict in protecting sun exposure. This is so that the rash on the skin does not get worse.
2. Using Hydroxychloroquine.
Hydroxychloroquine itself is usually used to treat malaria. However, this type of drug can also treat the main symptoms of lupus such as rash, fatigue and muscle aches.
3. Immunosuppressant drugs.
The next treatment you can do by emphasizing the performance of the immune system. This type of immunosuppressant that is often given by doctors is the type of mycophenolate mofetil, and cyclophosphamide.
You can use anti-inflammatory drugs to treat this lupus. This inflammatory drug has properties to create and reduce inflammation naturally in the body.
Causes of Lupus
In normal people, the immune system is used to protect the body from disease. However, in people with lupus, the immune system actually turns to attack the body and also the various organs in it. This is also flare called an autoimmune condition. Until now no research has been able to prove the exact cause of lupus. However, many experts have stated several factors that can trigger lupus, including:
1. Genetic Factors
One factor that causes lupus is genetic factors. This is evidenced by cases where someone who is an identical twin and one of them has lupus, his twin is likely to have the same disease with a ratio of 25%. The existence of genetic mutations is possible to trigger lupus. Several types of genetic mutations by researchers are nephritis thought to be one of the triggers of lupus. When chaos occurs on normal commands in certain genes, gene mutations occur. Mutation of these genes will cause abnormalities in the performance of a person’s body.
Genes that experience mutations will usually affect the functioning of the immune system. this is what researchers have made possible to cause lupus. Most of the genes that have mutations are genes that contain the X chromosome. That is why it is possible to cause why most people with lupus are women.
2. Environmental Factors
The risk of getting lupus can also be triggered by environmental factors. Although no research has been able to prove this, experts believe that the following factors will increase a person’s risk for lupus:
- Hormonal imbalances or changes in women, especially during pregnancy and menstruation.
- Exposure to sunlight. (read also: the danger of sunlight during the day)
- Consuming several types of drugs that can trigger lupus. The symptoms of lupus will disappear when the drug intake is also stopped.
Usually neonatal lupus erythematosus only occurs on the skin and will disappear on its own. But in rare cases, neonatal lupus can cause congenital heart block, which is a heart rhythm disorder in newborns. How to treat lupus by installing a pacemaker.