health condition

severe headache causes

severe headache causes


By salad dressing Clinic workers

Your headache symptoms will facilitate your doctor verify its cause and also the applicable treatment. Most headaches are not the results of a heavy unhealthiness, however some might result from a grave condition requiring emergency care.

Headaches square measure typically classified by cause:

Primary headaches

A primary headache is caused by bodily function of or issues with pain-sensitive structures in your head. A primary headache is not a signal of AN underlying illness.

Chemical activity in your brain, the nerves or blood vessels close your bone, or the muscles of your head and neck (or some combination of those factors) will play a job in primary headaches. Some folks can also carry genes that build them additional seemingly to develop such headaches.

The most common primary headaches are:

•             Cluster headache

•             Migraine

•             Migraine with aura

•             Tension headache

•             Trigeminal involuntary aching (TAC), like cephalalgia and attack migraine

A few headache patterns are typically thought of styles of primary headache, however square measure less common. These headaches have distinct options, like AN uncommon period or pain related to an explicit activity.

Although typically thought of primary, every may be a signal of AN underlying illness. They include:

•             Chronic daily headaches (for example, chronic head ache, chronic tension-type headache, or hemicranias continua)

•             Cough headaches

•             Exercise headaches

•             Sex headaches

Some primary headaches is triggered by life-style factors, including:

•             Alcohol, notably vino

•             Certain foods, like processed meats that contain nitrates

•             Changes in sleep or lack of sleep

•             Poor posture

•             Skipped meals

•             Stress

Secondary headaches

A secondary headache may be a symptom of a illness that may activate the pain-sensitive nerves of the pinnacle. Any variety of conditions — varied greatly in severity — might cause secondary headaches.

Possible causes of secondary headaches include:

•             Acute inflammation (sinus infection)

•             Arterial tears (carotid or os dissections)

•             Blood clot (venous thrombosis) at intervals the brain — break away stroke

•             Brain cardiovascular disease (a bulge in AN artery in your brain)

•             Brain neoplasm

•             Carbon oxide poisoning

•             Chiari malformation (structural drawback at the bottom of your skull)

•             Concussion

•             Dehydration

•             Dental issues

•             Ear infection (middle ear)

•             Encephalitis (brain inflammation)

•             Giant cell inflammation (inflammation of the liner of the arteries)

•             Glaucoma (acute angle closure glaucoma)

•             Hangovers

•             High force per unit area (hypertension)

•             Influenza (flu) and different feverish (fever) diseases

•             Intracranial intumescence

•             Medications to treat different disorders

•             Meningitis

•             Monosodium salt (MSG)

•             Overuse of pain medication

•             Panic attacks and anxiety disorder

•             Post-concussion syndrome

•             Pressure from tight headgear, like a helmet or spectacles

•             Pseudotumor cerebri

•             Stroke

•             Toxoplasmosis

•             Trigeminal hurting (as well as different neuralgias, all involving irritation of bound nerves connecting the face and brain)

Some styles of secondary headaches include:

•             External compression headaches (a results of pressure-causing headgear)

•             Medication overuse headaches (caused by overuse of pain medication)

•             Sinus headaches (caused by inflammation and congestion in sinus cavities)

•             Spinal headaches (caused by depression or volume of bodily fluid, probably the results of spontaneous bodily fluid leak, centesis or spinal anesthesia)

•             Thunderclap headaches (a cluster of disorders that involves unexpected, severe headaches with multiple causes)


Most people have headaches from time to time. however if you’ve got a headache additional days than not, you would possibly have chronic daily headaches.

Rather than a particular headache sort, chronic daily headaches embrace a spread of headache subtypes. Chronic refers to however typically the headaches occur and the way long the condition lasts.

The constant nature of chronic daily headaches makes them one among the foremost disabling headache conditions. Aggressive initial treatment and steady, semipermanent management may scale back pain and result in fewer headaches.


By definition, chronic daily headaches occur fifteen days or additional a month, for extended than 3 months. True (primary) chronic daily headaches are not caused by another condition.

There square measure short-lasting and long-lived chronic daily headaches. long-lived headaches last over four hours. They include:

•             Chronic head ache

•             Chronic tension-type headache

•             New daily persistent headache

•             Hemicrania continua

Chronic head ache

This type usually happens in folks with a history of episodic migraines. Chronic migraines tend to:

•             Affect one facet or either side of your head

•             Have a beating, throbbing sensation

•             Cause moderate to severe pain

And they cause a minimum of one among the following:

•             Nausea, vomit or each

•             Sensitivity to light-weight and sound

Chronic tension-type headache

These headaches tend to:

•             Affect either side of your head

•             Cause delicate to moderate pain

•             Cause pain that feels pressing or adjustment, however not beating

New daily persistent headache

These headaches come back on suddenly, typically in folks while not a headache history. They become constant at intervals 3 days of your initial headache. They:

•             Often have an effect on either side of your head

•             Cause pain that appears like pressing or adjustment, however not beating

•             Cause delicate to moderate pain

•             Might have options of chronic head ache or chronic tension-type headache

Hemicrania continua

These headaches:

•             Affect just one facet of your head

•             Are daily and continuous with no painless periods

•             Cause moderate pain with spikes of severe pain

•             Respond to the prescription pain reliever nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (Indocin)

•             Can become severe with development of migraine-like symptoms

In addition, migraine continua headaches square measure related to a minimum of one among the following:

•             Tearing or redness of the attention on the affected facet

•             Nasal congestion or liquid nose

•             Drooping palpebra or pupil narrowing

•             Sensation of restlessness

When to ascertain a doctor

Occasional headaches square measure common, and frequently need no medical attention. However, consult your doctor if:

•             You typically have 2 or additional headaches every week

•             You take a pain reliever for your headaches most days

•             You want over the suggested dose of over-the-counter pain remedies to alleviate your headaches

•             Your headache pattern changes or your headaches worsen

•             Your headaches square measure disabling

Seek prompt medical aid if your headache:

•             Is unexpected and severe

•             Accompanies a fever, stiff neck, confusion, seizure, visual disorder, weakness, symptom or issue speaking

•             Follows a head injury

•             Gets worse despite rest and pain medication

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The causes of the many chronic daily headaches are not well-understood. True (primary) chronic daily headaches do not have AN specifiable underlying cause.

Conditions that may cause nonprimary chronic daily headaches include:

•             Inflammation or different issues with the blood vessels in and round the brain, together with stroke

•             Infections, like infectious disease

•             Intracranial pressure that is either too high or too low

•             Brain neoplasm

•             Traumatic brain injury

Medication overuse headache

This type of headache typically develops in those who have AN episodic headache disorder, typically head ache or tension sort, and take an excessive amount of pain medication. If you are taking pain medications — even over-the-counter — over 2 days every week (or 9 days a month), you are in danger of developing rebound headaches.

Risk factors

Factors related to developing frequent headaches include:

•             Female sex

•             Anxiety

•             Depression

•             Sleep disturbances

•             Obesity

•             Snoring

•             Overuse of caffein

•             Overuse of headache medication

•             Other chronic pain conditions


If you’ve got chronic daily headaches, you are conjointly additional seemingly to possess depression, anxiety, sleep disturbances, and different psychological and physical issues.


Taking care of yourself may facilitate ease chronic daily headaches.

•             Avoid headache triggers. Keeping a headache diary will assist you verify what triggers your headaches in order that you’ll avoid the triggers. embrace details regarding each headache, like once it started, what you were doing at the time and the way long it lasted.

•             Avoid medication overuse. Taking headache medications, together with over-the-counter medications, over doubly every week will increase the severity and frequency of your headaches. Consult your doctor regarding a way to wean yourself off the medication as a result of there is serious facet effects if done improperly.

•             Get enough sleep. the common adult wants seven to eight hours of sleep an evening. it is best to travel to bed and get up at an equivalent time each day. confer with your doctor if you’ve got sleep disturbances, like snoring.

•             Don’t skip meals. Eat healthy meals at regarding an equivalent times daily. Avoid food or drinks, like those containing caffein, that appear to trigger headaches. slenderize if you are corpulent.

•             Exercise frequently. Regular aerobic physical activity will improve your physical and mental well-being and scale back stress. along with your doctor’s OK, opt for activities you relish — like walking, swimming or sport. To avoid injury, begin slowly.

•             Reduce stress. Stress may be a common trigger of chronic headaches. Get organized. change your schedule. Plan ahead. keep positive. attempt stress-reduction techniques, like yoga, martial art or meditation.

•             Reduce caffein. whereas some headache medications embrace caffein as a result of it is useful in reducing headache pain, it also can worsen headaches. try and minimize or eliminate caffein from your diet.