health condition

migraine headache treatment

migraine headache treatment

Diagnosis

If you’ve got migraines or a case history of migraines, a doctor trained in treating headaches (neurologist) can seemingly diagnose migraines supported your case history, symptoms, and a physical and neurologic examination.

Your doctor may additionally  advocate additional tests to rule out alternative attainable causes for your pain if your condition is uncommon, complicated or suddenly becomes severe.

•      Spinal faucet (lumbar puncture). Your doctor might advocate a lumbar puncture (lumbar puncture) if he or she suspects infections, haemorrhage within the brain or another underlying condition.

In this procedure, a skinny needle is inserted between 2 vertebrae within the lower back to get rid of a sample of bodily fluid for analysis in a very science laboratory.

•      Blood tests. Your doctor might order these to check for vas issues, infections in your medulla spinalis or brain, and toxins in your system.

•      Computerized picturing (CT) scan. A CT scan uses a series of X-rays to make elaborated cross-sectional pictures of the brain. This helps doctors diagnose tumors, infections, brain injury, haemorrhage within the brain and alternative attainable medical issues that will be inflicting headaches.

•      Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). AN tomography uses a strong field of force and radio waves to supply elaborated pictures of the brain and blood vessels. tomography scans facilitate doctors diagnose tumors, strokes, haemorrhage within the brain, infections, and alternative brain and system (neurological) conditions

Treatment

Migraine treatments will facilitate stop symptoms and stop future attacks.

Many medications are designed to treat migraines. Some medication typically accustomed treat alternative conditions conjointly might facilitate relieve or stop migraines. Medications accustomed combat migraines comprise 2 broad categories:

•      Preventive medications. These kinds of medication square measure taken often, typically on a routine, to cut back the severity or frequency of migraines

•      Pain-relieving medications. conjointly referred to as acute or stillborn treatment, these kinds of medication square measure taken throughout hemicrania attacks and square measure designed to prevent symptoms.

Some medications are not given to kids. Your doctor will facilitate notice the proper medication for you.

Pain-relieving medications

Take pain-relieving medication as presently as you expertise signs or symptoms of a hemicrania for the simplest results. it should facilitate if you rest or sleep in a very dark area once taking them. Medications include:

•      Triptans. These medications square measure typically utilized in treating migraines. Triptans build blood vessels constrict and block pain pathways within the brain.

Triptans effectively relieve the pain and alternative symptoms that square measure related to migraines. they’re accessible in pill, nasal spray and injection type.

Triptan medications embody sumatriptan (Imitrex), rizatriptan (Maxalt), almotriptan (Axert), naratriptan (Amerge), zolmitriptan (Zomig), frovatriptan (Frova) and eletriptan (Relpax).

Side effects of triptans embody reactions at the injection website, nausea, dizziness, sleepiness and muscle weakness. they don’t seem to be suggested for folks in danger of strokes and heart attacks.

A single-tablet combination of sumatriptan and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory (Treximet) has proved  to be simpler in relieving hemicrania symptoms than either medication on its own.

•      Pain relievers. Bayer or NSAID (Advil, Motrin IB, others) might facilitate relieve delicate migraines.

Acetaminophen (Tylenol, others), conjointly might facilitate relieve delicate migraines in some folks.

Drugs marketed specifically for migraines, like the mixture of anodyne, Bayer and alkaloid (Excedrin Migraine), conjointly might ease moderate hemicrania pain. they don’t seem to be effective alone for severe migraines.

If taken too typically or for long periods of your time, these medications will cause ulcers, channel haemorrhage and medication-overuse headaches.

The prescription pain reliever Indocin might facilitate thwart a hemicrania and is out there in medicament type, which can be useful if you are sick.

•      Anti-nausea medications. Medication for nausea is sometimes combined with alternative medications. oftentimes prescribed medications square measure antipsychotic drug, metoclopramide (Reglan) or neuroleptic drug (Compro).

•      Ergots. alkaloid and alkaloid combination medication (Migergot, Cafergot) square measure less effective than triptans. Ergots appear simplest in those whose pain lasts for over forty eight hours. Ergots square measure simplest once taken presently once hemicrania symptoms begin.

Ergotamine might worsen nausea and innate reflex associated with your migraines, and it should conjointly cause medication-overuse headaches.

Dihydroergotamine (D.H.E. 45, Migranal) is AN ergot by-product that’s simpler and has fewer aspect effects than alkaloid. it is also less seemingly to steer to medication-overuse headaches. It’s accessible as a nasal spray and in injection type.

•      Glucocorticoids (prednisone, dexamethasone). A endocrine is also used with alternative medications to boost pain relief. Glucocorticoids should not be used oftentimes to avoid aspect effects.

•      Opioid medications. Opioid medications containing narcotics, significantly opiate, square measure typically accustomed treat hemicrania pain for those who cannot take triptans or ergots. Narcotics square measure addictive and square measure sometimes used providing no alternative treatments offer relief.

Preventive medications

You may be a candidate for preventive medical care if:

•      You have four or additional enfeebling attacks a month

•      Attacks last over twelve hours

•      Pain-relieving medications are not serving to

•      Your hemicrania signs and symptoms embody a chronic aura or symptom and weakness

Preventive medications will scale back the frequency, severity and length of hemicranias and will increase the effectiveness of symptom-relieving medicines used throughout migraine attacks. it should take many weeks to ascertain enhancements in your symptoms.

Your doctor might advocate daily preventive medications, or only if a certain trigger, like discharge, is approaching.

Preventive medications do not perpetually stop headaches utterly, and a few medication cause serious aspect effects. If you’ve got had sensible results from medicine and your migraines square measure well-controlled, your doctor might advocate really fizzling out the medication to ascertain if your migraines come while not it.

Preventive hemicrania medications include:

•      Antidepressants. antidepressant antidepressants is also effective in preventing migraines, even in folks while not depression.

Tricyclic antidepressants might scale back the frequency of migraines by poignant the amount of monoamine neurotransmitter and alternative brain chemicals. Elavil is that the solely tricyclic antidepressant drug proved  to effectively stop migraines. alternative antidepressant antidepressants square measure typically used as a result of they will have fewer aspect effects than Elavil.

These medications will cause drowsiness, dry mouth, constipation, weight gain and alternative aspect effects.

SSRIs haven’t been proved  to be effective for hemicrania bar. These medication might even worsen or trigger headaches.

However, analysis suggests that one monoamine neurotransmitter and monoamine neurotransmitter re-uptake matter, venlafaxine (Effexor XR), is also useful in preventing migraines.

•      Cardiovascular medication. Beta blockers, that square measure unremarkably accustomed treat high vital sign and artery malady, might scale back the frequency and severity of migraines.

The beta blockers propranolol (Inderal LA, Innopran XL, others), beta-adrenergic blocking agent salt (Lopressor) and beta-adrenergic blocker (Betimol) have proved  effective for preventing migraines. alternative beta blockers square measure typically used for the treatment of hemicrania.

If you’re older than age sixty, use tobacco, or have sure heart or vas conditions, your doctor might advocate a distinct kind of medication.

Another category of vas medications (calcium channel blockers) accustomed treat high vital sign conjointly is also useful in preventing migraines and relieving symptoms. Isoptin (Calan, Verelan, others) may be a metallic element channel blocker that will facilitate stop migraines with aura.

In addition, the angiotensin-converting accelerator matter Zestril (Zestril) is also helpful in reducing the length and severity of migraines

•      Anti-seizure medication. Some anti-seizure medication, like valproate (Depacon) and topiramate (Topamax), appear to cut back the frequency of migraines.

In high doses, however, these anti-seizure medication might cause aspect effects. Valproate might cause nausea, tremor, weight gain, hair loss and giddiness. do not use valproate if you’re pregnant or might become pregnant.

•      OnabotulinumtoxinA (Botox). OnabotulinumtoxinA, that is run by your doctor throughout AN workplace visit, has been shown to be useful in treating chronic migraines in adults.

once this is often effective, the treatment sometimes has to be perennial each twelve weeks.

•      Pain relievers. Taking NSAID medication, particularly Naprosyn (Naprosyn), might facilitate stop migraines and scale back symptoms

•      Erenumab-aooe (Aimovig). This once-monthly, self-injected drug is that the 1st in a very new category of medicine. Erenumab-aooe inhibits the activity of a molecule glorious to play a job in migraines.