Heart valve problems definition- Are we or our partners diagnosed with valvular heart (VHD) or heart valve disease? Both of these diseases reflect one or not a few of the abnormalities that occur in four human heart valves.
These valves or drainage are normally useful for channeling blood rising from the heart in the right position, but when the valve does not work properly problems will arise, like chest pain, the head feels light, breath is short, and even the heart is not successful.
Indeed, with treatment, almost all types of VHD can be treated with medication and surgery (if needed) so you can recover from the disease.
What is a heart valve?
You can want the heart valve as a canal that sends blood to the heart in one direction. This valve can open and block simultaneously with the rhythm of your heartbeat, adjust to the right times so that the blood stays switched accordingly, and to ward off backups.
These valves open and close so that blood stays in motion as it should. If something goes wrong with this valve, resulting in a leakage of blood and blood that can flow in the wrong direction, this can result in VHD. The four heart valves will be explained as follows:
1. Tricuspid valve
When blood returns from body organs to the upper right atrium of the heart, the tricuspid valve opens to allow blood to move to the lower chamber. When the right ventricula has been filled, the tricuspid valve will block to escort the blood not to the right atrium. See the 3-D model of the Triskuspid valve.
2. Pulmonary valve
The right ventricula containing blood contracts and pumps blood from the pulmonary valve which is revealed to the lungs through the pulmonary artery. When the blood has flowed, the pulmonary valve will be closed to guard the blood so that it does not return to the right ventricula. See the 3-D model of the pulmonary valve.
3. Mitral valve
When the newly oxidized blood from the lungs has left the left atrium, the mitral valve is open, regardless of the blood used to flow into the lower chamber. When the ventricula is fully filled, the mitral valve is closed to guard the blood so it does not flow back to the lungs. See the 3-D model of the mitral valve.
4. Aortic valve
Heart valve problems and low blood pressure in dogas, in hindi and dizziness.When the left ventricle contracts, encouraging oxidized blood from the aortic valve that is exposed to the aorta, the main artery of the body, blood then rises from all organs of the human body. When the left ventricular is empty, the aortic valve blocks to guard the blood coming back to the heart.
Various situations that result in VHD
A lot of business can lead to VHD, creating this to be among the heart diseases that are common in human life. Degenerative diseases, birth defects, connective tissue diseases, trauma, and tumors can affect the atmosphere of a person’s heart valve, besides that, pulmonary hypertension coronary artery disease, infection, problems with the aorta, or other management can cause VHD disease to appear. One of the rheumatic diseases, is known as the biggest cause of VHD disease. However, antibiotics can kill the growth of the disease to the extent that rheumatism is not an urgent matter as a cause of VHD. In babies and in tamil.
Another common cause of this disease is the weakening of the valve tissue itself, which often occurs in elderly patients. When plaque expansion occurs in the arteries, the problem can occur even in the aortic or mitral valve, resulting in thickening of the two valves. A heart attack can also damage the valve. Whatever causes initial destruction, usually occurs because one of two types that interfere with blood flow to the heart:
Can be named with the inability of the valve to block properly until the blood can return to the previous location. The volume of blood that doesn’t release much will cause the heart to work more. But over time, this matter will result in widening and inefficient.
This occurs when the “leaflets” or doors of the valves are not exposed wide, so that only a small amount of blood can pass through it. Again, the heart must work more in order to pump blood and drain it to body parts. Usually stenosis occurs because “leaflets” thicken and are stiff, or fused.
What are the symptoms of VHD?
When the heart works to cope with decreased blood flow, symptoms often occur, including:
• Hard to breath
• Fainting or head feels light
• Chest pain
• Arrhythmia (irregular heartbeat)
• pulmonary hypertension (high blood pressure in the lungs)
• pulmonary / systemic edema (there is tissue in the lungs or other body elements)
• Reduced sports capacity
• Blood clots (can result in heart attacks and strokes)
• Heart failure
Specific types of VHD
Although not the least contradictory type of VHD, that type can be broken down into categories according to which valve is affected. Generally valve problems occur in the mitral and aortic valves. Whereas the tricuspid valve and pulmonary valve rarely occur.
Mitral Valve Disease
Mitral valve prolapse (MVP) is one of the most common formats of heart valve disease.This occurs when one or two of the flaps or leaflets widen, blocking the closed use valve properly. Usually, this business is not a serious situation. Mitral regurgitation and mitral stenosis can also occur.
Aortic Valve Disease
People who have high blood pressure and carry body defects are at risk of developing aortic regurgitation. People who trigger a bicuspid aortic valve or an elderly person also have the risk of experiencing aortic valve stenosis.
Trichuspid Valve Disease
Tricuspid regurgitation (also known as tricuspid disability) is often caused by the widening of the right ventricula. This condition also sometimes occurs in connection with mitral valve disease, or left ventricular dysfunction. Tricuspid stenosis can also cause a widening of the right atrium.
Pulmonary Valve Disease
Pulmonary hypertension, heart infection, or conginetal valve problems can result in pulmonary regurgitation. On the other hand, pulmonary stenosis, often caused by a person’s birth defect from birth.
Treatment for VHD
Heart valve problems treatment symptoms and exercise- Treatment for various types of VHD depends on how the valve problem affects blood flow. People who do not show phenomena or indicate little signs often do not need treatment. If the problem worsens, or healing stops working, a balloon procedure to open a narrowed valve or surgery needs to be done. Doctors often recommend a diet pattern, exercise regularly, and avoid cigars and alcohol that aim to increase your body’s benefits.