Help c transmission– Hepatitis C is a disease that can attack theliver. Diseases caused by this virus can stimulate infection and inflammationin the liver.
Hepatitis C usually does not show phenomena in the early stages. Therefore, as long as people with hepatitis C do not realize that they have contracted it until they suffer liver damage years later.
Even if there is a hepatitis C phenomenon that appears, the indications are similar to other diseases to the point thatit is difficult to realize. Some of them are always feeling tired, sore, and noappetite.
Acute and Chronic Hepatitis C
The hepatitis C virus can cause acute andchronic infections.
Acute hepatitis C is an infection thatoccurs in the first 6 months. This infection is often without phenomena and rarely deadly. About 15-45 percent of sufferers successfully recover from this disease without special treatment.
While 55 to 85 percent will save the virus for a long time which then develops into chronic hepatitis C infection. Patients with chronic hepatitis C have a risk of 15-30 percent for exposure to liver cirrhosis in 20 years. Cirrhosis This complication can have a fatal impact.
Based on information from WHO, the number ofpeople with chronic hepatitis C in the world reaches 130 to 150 million peopleand there are 700 thousand people who suffer from liver disease caused byhepatitis C. While in Indonesia, there are at least 28 million people who suffer from hepatitis C and B and half of them develop into chronic.
How to Transmit Hepatitis C
Hep c transmission, The hepatitis C virus develops in the blood. Therefore, you will contract hepatitis C if you have contact with the blood of the patient.
The most common way of transmission of hepatitis C is through needles, for example, drug users who share needles or undergo the process of creating tattoos in locations that do not have sterile equipment. In addition, mutual lending to individual items such as nail clippers and tooth brushes and free sex can increase a person’s risk of contracting this disease.
However, the hepatitis C virus will not spread through mother’s milk, food, drink, or touch like shaking or hugging.
Diagnosis and Treatment of Hepatitis C
If handled as early as possible, liver destruction in hepatitis C patients can be resisted and inhibited. Therefore,people who are at high risk of contracting this disease are encouraged tounder go blood tests to diagnose hepatitis C. For example, people who have orare actively taking illegal drugs through injections or who have had blood transfusions.
If you have positive hepatitis C, you don’t necessarily need treatment. The body’s immune system generally can era dicatedasn infection, not all chronic hepatitis C sufferers will certainly experience liver damage.
Acute hepatitis C can often heal without special treatment. While chronic hepatitis C sufferers need stages of treatment through antiviral drugs. The drug will stop the growth of the virus and prevent liver destruction. Examples of antiviral drugs commonly used are interferon and ribavirin.
Experts then succeed in finding new typesof drugs that are more effective and safer and can be tolerated by the body. The name of the new drug is direct antiviral agent (DAA).
Please remember that if you had suffered and recovered from hepatitis C, it does not mean that your body has completeimmunity to the virus. Despite recovering, hepatitis C sufferers must becareful because they still have the risk of being re-infected with the same disease.
Hepatitis C Prevention Steps
Hep c transmission, Hepatitis Ccannot be prevented by vaccination. But there are a number of ways you and Ican do to reduce the risk of transmission, for example stopping or not usingillegal drugs. Not sharing the use of potentially contaminated blood items (such as nail clippers and toothbrushes) can also be done as a precaution.
Although this disease is rarely transmitted through sexual intercourse, the use of safety devices such as condoms can prevent us from hepatitis C. Especially if there is contact with blood, forexample anal sex or menstrual blood. People with hepatitis C are also more at risk of being exposed to other types of hepatitis. Doctors generally recommend vaccination to ward off hepatitis A and B.